Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: SSA, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, etc.
Mains level: Reforms approved by the central government.
Cabinet decision on education reforms
- The Cabinet has recently approved a slew of reforms for school education in the country, in what could be considered as the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan 2 project
- The reforms aims to support the States in universalising access to school education from pre-nursery to Class 12 across the country
Particulars of the reforms
- The SSA, the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan and teacher training would be integrated into a single scheme from Classes 1 to 12
- The integrated scheme will be in place from April 1, 2018, to March 31, 2020, with an estimated allocation of Rs. 75,000 crore over the period, a 20% increase over the current allocation
- There would be a shift to digital blackboards from Class 9 to college education in the next five years
- The government will provide a 20% incentive to the States for a learning-outcome based education
Other steps taken by the government
- The Centre has also approved an increase in the outlay for making educational loans interest-free for students with modest financial means for studying in universities and colleges charging high fees
- The interest subsidy will last till one year of their passing out of college