Cabinet clears Bill banning Commercial Surrogacy

Mains Paper 2 : Health & Education |

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Surrogacy

Mains level : Surrogacy regulation in India


News

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the introduction of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 to ban commercial surrogacy in India.

Background

  • India has emerged as a surrogacy hub for couples from other countries.
  • There have been reports concerning unethical practices, exploitation of surrogate mothers, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy, and rackets involving intermediaries importing human embryos and gametes.
  • The 228th report of the Commission of India has recommended prohibiting commercial surrogacy and allowing altruistic surrogacy by enacting suitable legislation.

What is Surrogacy?

  • Surrogacy is considered one of many assisted reproductive technologies.
  • It is an arrangement, often supported by a legal agreement, whereby a woman (the surrogate mother) agrees to become pregnant and give birth to a child for another person(s) who is or will become the parent(s) of the child.
  • People may seek a surrogacy arrangement when pregnancy is medically impossible, when pregnancy risks are too dangerous for the intended mother, or when a single man or a male couple wishes to have a child.

About the Bill

  • The Bill proposes to regulate surrogacy in India by establishing National Surrogacy Board at the central level and State Surrogacy Boards and Appropriate Authorities in the State and UTs.
  • It aims to prohibit commercial surrogacy and allows surrogacy services only for married Indian couples who have no children.

Why such bill again?

  • The Bill had been passed by the 16th Lok Sabha but lapsed after it did not clear the Rajya Sabha.
  • There have been several reports about the exploitation of surrogate mothers, who are confined to “hostels” during pregnancy.
  • They are not allowed to meet their families and were forced to do it for a paltry amount, putting their own bodies at risk.

Benefits

  • The benefits of the Act would be that it will regulate the surrogacy services in the country.
  • While commercial surrogacy will be prohibited including sale and purchase of human embryo and gametes, ethical surrogacy to the infertile couples will be allowed on fulfillment of conditions.
  • It will also prohibit exploitation of surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.

Assist this newscard with:

Explained: Altruistic Surrogacy

 

Surrogacy in India
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