Cabinet clears human rights Bill


Mains Paper 2: Governance | mechanisms, laws, institutions & Bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of these vulnerable sections

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018, NHRC

Mains level: Issues related to human rights


Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018

  1. The Cabinet has cleared the long-pending Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018
  2. The Bill proposes to include the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights as a deemed member, besides adding a woman member to the panel

Proposed amendments

  1. The present law proposes to enlarge the scope of eligibility and selection of the chairperson of NHRC as well as the State Human Rights Commission
  2. The Bill also proposes to amend the term of the chairperson and members of the NHRC and SHRC to make it in consonance with the terms of chairperson and members of other commissions
  3. The amendments will have to be ratified by Parliament


National Human Rights Commission

  1. National Human Rights Commission of India was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993
  2. It is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights, defined by the Act as “rights relating to life, liberty, equality, and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants”
  3. The NHRC consists of:
  • A Chairperson who should be retired Chief Justice of India
  • One member who is, or has been, a Judge of the Supreme Court of India
  • One member who is, or has been, the Chief Justice of a High Court
  • Two members to be appointed from among persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights
  • In addition, the Chairpersons of four National Commissions (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Women, and Minorities) serve as ex officio members

4. The Chairperson and members of the NHRC are appointed by the President of India, on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:

  • The Prime Minister (Chairperson), The Home Minister, The Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha, The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha, The Speaker of the Lok Sabha, The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha
NHRC Reforms
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