Medical Education Governance in India

Cabinet nod for changes to NMC Bill


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill

Mains level: Issues related to medical education regulation

Amendments to the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill

  1. The provision dealing with bridge course for AYUSH practitioners to practice modern medicine to a limited extent has been removed in the official amendments to the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill
  2. It has now been left to the State governments to take necessary measures for addressing and promoting primary health care in rural areas
  3. There will be a final MBBS examination to be held as a common exam across the country and would serve as an exit test called the National Exit Test (NEXT)


National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill

  1. The Bill seeks to repeal the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956
  2. The Bill sets up the National Medical Commission (NMC)
  3. Within three years of the passage of the Bill, state governments will establish State Medical Councils at the state level
  4. The NMC will consist of 25 members, appointed by the central government
  5. Under the Bill, the central government will constitute a Medical Advisory Council
  6. The Council will be the primary platform through which the states/union territories can put forth their views and concerns before the NMC
  7. The Bill sets up certain autonomous boards under the supervision of the NMC
  8. These boards are: (i) the Under-Graduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB) and the Post-Graduate Medical Education Board (PGMEB), (ii) the Medical Assessment and Rating Board (MARB) and (iii) the Ethics and Medical Registration Board
  9. There will be a uniform National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to undergraduate medical education in all medical institutions regulated by the Bill
  10. There will be a National Licentiate Examination for the students graduating from medical institutions to obtain the license for practice and this exam will also serve as the basis for admission into post-graduate courses at medical institutions

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