From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : RTI, CIC
Mains level : Issues surrounding the office of CIC
- The Centre has denied a RTI request for details of the ongoing recruitment process for four vacancies in the Central Information Commission (CIC), despite a recent Supreme Court order mandating that such information be made public.
CIC in limelight
- The Centre is planning to setup bureaucrat-led committees to hear and decide on complaints against the Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and Information Commissioners (ICs).
- This move has evoked sharp criticism from RTI activists and former Information Commissioners.
- The proposed change would be in contravention to the current RTI law and therefore is being seen by the CIC as an attempt to erode its independence and undermine its role.
- The SC had directed the Centre and States to pro-actively disclose all information regarding the recruitment, selection and appointment of candidates.
Central Information Commission (CIC)
- The Central Information Commission (CIC) set up under the Right to Information Act is the authorized quasi judicial body, established in 2005.
- It acts upon complaints from those individuals who have not been able to submit information requests due to either the officer not having been appointed, or because the respective Officer refused to receive the application for information under the RTI Act.
- The Commission includes 1 Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and not more than 10 Information Commissioners (IC) who are appointed by the President of India.
- CIC and members are appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of a committee consisting of—Prime Minister as Chairperson, the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha; a Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.