Mains Paper 3: Internal Security | Cyber Security
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Not Much
Mains level: Rising threat of cyber attacks and data leakages
Information Security Policy and Guidelines to be updated
- Worried about sensitive information making its way into the Internet, the Home Ministry is upgrading policy to secure government data and control access to it.
- Earlier the files were locked in a cupboard and accountability could be fixed, but with the advent of Digital India, a number of issues were in a grey area.
- In light of the evolving cyber threats, MHA directed that the National Information Security Policy and Guidelines (NISPG) be upgraded and updated for the government sector.
- There are issues relating to the physical security of a computer. If it becomes obsolete then the hard disk discarded poses a threat of leakage.
- There are issues relating to the network as well.
- If the information is riding on own cyber cable, then everything can be encrypted, but if it is riding on a commercially available one, then it will have to make sure that guidelines are complied with.
- The whole policing system in India that began in 1860 now needs to be replicated in cyberspace. It will evolve gradually.
- The new guidelines will also take care of that.
The new policy would cover issues pertaining to the Official Secrets Act.