Mains Paper 2: Governance | Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: EPCA
Mains level: Policy measures to tackle Air Pollution issues in the national capital.
Reconstitution of EPCA
- The Centre has reconstituted the Supreme Court-empowered Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority or the EPCA.
- It was tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region.
- The EPCA had enforced several measures, including closure of the Badarpur thermal power plant, ban on brick kilns, hot mix plants and stone crushers, and construction activities.
- The tenure of the last EPCA expired on October 3.
- The EPCA was constituted with the objective of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and preventing and controlling the environmental pollution in the National Capital Region.
- The EPCA is also mandated to enforce Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in New Delhi as per the pollution levels.
Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority (EPCA)
- The Union Government constitutes EPCA as Supreme Court mandated body for the National Capital Region under the section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
- The Authority shall have the power suo-moto, or on the basis of complaints made by any individual, representative body or organization functioning in the field of environment.
- Such complaints may be against any individual, association, company, public undertaking or local body carrying on any industry, operation or process.
- It shall deal with environmental issues pertaining to the National Capital Region which may be referred to it by the Central Government.
- It takes all necessary steps to for controlling vehicular pollution, ensuring compliance of fuel quality standards, monitoring and coordinating action for traffic planning and management.