Mains Paper 2: IR | India and its neighborhood- relations.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Not much
Mains level: India-China relations
- Buoyed by support from Japan over the Doklam border stand-off, India Friday upped the ante against China, saying that the country has not shared “hydrological data” on the Brahmaputra river since May 15, which is a violation of bilateral pacts.
What is Hydrological data? What is its significance?
- Long-term monitoring of hydrologic systems – precipitation, streamflow, groundwater levels, water lost through evaporation and so on – and archiving the data is to provide a set of sufficient good quality data that can be used in decision-making in all aspects of water resources management
- The hydrological data is shared every year, between May 15 to October 15, during the monsoon season. This data has not been shared so far.
- The two countries have two agreements, in 2013 and 2015, on sharing the data.
- The hydrological data is shared by upper riparian states to lower riparian states every monsoon, so that the flow of the water can be anticipated, and measures can be taken to deal with flooding.
- The hydrological data has not been shared by China for Sutlej river as well.