China invites Iran to attend SCO summit

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, P5+1 group, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

Mains level: Iran nuclear deal and its implications on India


News

New geopolitics in Central Asia 

  1. China has invited the Iranian President to participate in the upcoming Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit next month
  2. The invitation comes at a crucial time after the U.S. withdrew from the nuclear deal signed in 2015 between Iran, the European Union and the P5+1 group (five permanent members of the UN Security Council, plus Germany), of which China is a member
  3. The summit will be the first after the inclusion of India and Pakistan as members of the organization in 2017

Implementation of JCPOA to continue

  1. Beijing hoped the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) would continue to be implemented
  2. If the JCPoA cannot be further implemented, the normal economic cooperation between the relevant countries will be affected

Back2Basics

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

  1. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and security organization
  2. The organization, formed in 2001, aims to boost cooperation in economic and security matters between China, Pakistan, India, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan
  3. India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan
  4. Iran, Mongolia, Afghanistan, and Belarus have been granted observer status in SCO
  5. In 2017, SCO’s eight full members account for approximately half of the world’s population, a quarter of the world’s GDP, and about 80% of Eurasia’s landmass
Foreign Policy Watch- India-Central Asia
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