Foreign Policy Watch: India-China

China shifts stance, offers to open talks with India on CPEC

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Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: CPEC, Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Nathu La pass

Mains level: Issues related to India-China border

China wants to resolve differences on the CPEC

  1. China has offered to open talks with India to resolve differences on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)
  2. This has opened the door for removing a major irritant in New Delhi-Beijing ties

What is China offering?

  1. It can change the name of CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor)
  2. China has also offered to create an alternative corridor through Jammu and Kashmir, Nathu La pass or Nepal to deal with India’s concerns

Why this offer?

  1. India has objected to CPEC which passes through Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK), as violation of its sovereignty
  2. CPEC is a part of China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

China’s stand on Doklam

  1. China reiterated it’s stock response that Donglang (Doklam) was China’s sovereign territory, and Beijing had a right to build infrastructure in the area
  2. The Sikkim section of the China-India boundary has been demarcated by historical treaty and is under effective jurisdiction by China
  3. China will as always uphold its sovereignty along the border area including Donglang
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