From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Clean Air Coalition, Clean Air Fund
Mains level : Curbing air pollution
- WHO is launching a “Clean Air Coalition” led by the Governments of Spain and Peru, while a group of philanthropic organizations and foundations were poised to launch a new “Clean Air Fund”.
- Both aim to spur investment in reducing sources of air pollution, which also contribute to climate change.
Clean Air Coalition
- The Clean Air Coalition is being supported by the UN Secretary General’s Office and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition of UN Environment.
- The fund brings together “a group of like-minded philanthropic foundations” which have recognized that tackling air pollution will have “huge benefits for health as well as for climate.”
Why such move?
- A report has found that philanthropic investment in air quality initiatives is disproportionately low in comparison to the burden disease caused by air pollution – which is estimated to kill some 7 million people around the world every year.
- Most money is spent only in a few countries – even though WHO estimates that over 90% of people around the world breathe unhealthy air.
Clean Air Fund
- The new Clean Air Fund aims to support projects that “democratize” air quality data, making knowledge about air quality more widely accessible to large numbers of people in cities.
- The Fund works with a coalition of philanthropic foundation partners who have interests in health, children, mobility, climate change, and equity, bringing them together to strengthen their collective investment, voice and impact.