Climate Change Negotiations – UNFCCC, COP, Other Conventions and Protocols

Climate goals on targetop-ed snap

The significance of India’s re-framing of climate change as climate justice goes beyond the numbers, which focus on milestones in emissions reduction rather than global transformation


  • From the perspective of International Energy Agency, India will use less coal for electricity generation than the US even in 2040.
  • India is the third largest economy in terms of PPP. In the recent times, it is offering concrete deliverables.
  • It has achieved an emissions intensity reduction of 18.6%. India now aims for 33 to 35%.
  • India has decided to have 40% of the total installed power capacity in 2030 based on non-fossil fuel-based.
  • Currently, renewable energy, nuclear energy and hydropower together contribute 30% of the overall installed capacity.
  • India is seeking investments of U.S. $100 billion over seven years to boost the domestic solar energy capacity by 33 times to 1,00,000 megawatts by 2022.

Snapshot of Governmental efforts

  • PM Modi’s campaign for climate change sets geopolitical shift inculcates confidence to shape the new rules.
  • PM has also called for countries to “take into account the levels of development of various countries and allow them the developmental space so that they can also aspire to become middle and developed countries”.
  • The Intended Nationally Determined Contributions state that India’s “objective in Paris in December 2015 is to establish an effective, cooperative and equitable global architecture”.

Three milestone elements of framework

  • Promoting sustainable production processes and sustainable lifestyles across the globe.
  • Creation of a regime where facilitative technology transfer replaces an exploitative market-driven mechanism.
  • A common understanding of universal progress.

Analysing facts

  • Experts say that nearly two-fifth of the cumulative emission reductions required by 2050 could come from efficiency improvements.
  • Key systems such as the transport, energy, housing and food systems should be transformed.

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