Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: CVF, Jumemmej Declaration
Mains level: International collaboration against threats posed by Climate Change
- Leaders at the Climate Vulnerable Forum called on world’s governments to raise the ambition of their climate targets by 2020 in order to save vulnerable nations threatened by warming beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius.
About Climate Vulnerable Forum
- The Climate Vulnerable Forum is an international cooperation group of developing countries tackling global climate change.
- The CVF was founded by the Maldives government before the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, which sought to increase awareness of countries considered vulnerable.
- United Nations agencies collaborate in implementing activities linked to the CVF with the UNDP, the lead organization supporting the forum’s work.
- The CVF was formed to increase the accountability of industrialized nations for the consequences of global climate change.
- Afghanistan, Nepal and Bhutan are its members, whereas India is one of the observer states.
World’s first Virtual Climate Summit
- The CVF is being held in Marshall Islands.
- Through the summit’s “Jumemmej Declaration”, the forum’s leaders committed to strengthening their national climate efforts by 2020 in order to pressure world governments to act.
- “Jumemmej” is a Marshallese word of seafaring origin calling for vigilance to keep a watch against threats.
- The carbon-free summit brought together leaders of the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF), which represents many of the countries most threatened by climate change.
- More than 40 heads of state, government and delegation also constituted the first global gathering of leaders of nations most threatened by climate change.