Mains Paper 3: Security | Security challenges and their management in border areas
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: DAC, RADAR Technology, ACVs
Mains level: Modernisation of Armed forces
High Speed Targets detection Radars
- The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved procurement of high powered radars for the Indian Air Force and air cushion vehicles for the Army and the Coast Guard together worth over ₹5,500 crore.
- The 12 high power radars will be procured indigenously under the ‘Buy (Indian) IDDM’ category.
- The radars will provide long range medium and high altitude radar cover with the capability to detect and track high speed targets following parabolic trajectories.
- Technologically superior, the radars will have the capability to scan 360 degrees without mechanical rotation of Antenna and will operate on 24×7 basis with minimal maintenance requirement.
ACVs: the All-Terrain-Vehicles
- In the other deal, air cushion vehicles (ACVs) to be procured from an Indian shipyard.
- This will enable travel at very high speeds over shallow water, sand banks, mud flats and swamps which are non-navigable by boats and small crafts due to draught restrictions or uncharted depths
Defense Acquisition Council (DAC)
- It was set up on August 29, 2001
- This was done to counter corruption and speed up decision-making in military procurements
- Head of the Council: Defence Minister
- Functions of DAC:
- Will give policy guidelines to acquisitions, based on long-term procurement plans
- Will also clear all acquisitions, including imported equipment and those produced indigenously or under a foreign license
6 Defence Procurement Board will deal with purchases
7 Defence Production Board which will supervise procurement from indigenous sources, such as ordnance factories and equipment manufactured under a foreign license