Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

Database on unorganised workers gets underway


Mains Paper 3: Economy | Development & employment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: UWIN — Unorganised Workers Identification Number, Socio-Economic and Caste Census 2011, Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008

Mains level: Schemes for the welfare of people working in unorganized sector

Portable smart ID for workers

  1. The Centre has started work to create a national database and Aadhaar-seeded identification number system to facilitate welfare delivery to 40 crore workers in the unorganized sector
  2. This comes ten years after passing a law that envisaged a portable smart ID card for unorganized sector workers

Unorganised Workers Identification Number

  1. The Union Ministry of Labour has called for tenders to design, develop and run the new UWIN — Unorganised Workers Identification Number — Platform
  2. The “single unified sanitized database” will assign a ten-digit UWIN to every worker and include details of both nuclear and extended families of unorganized workers
  3. The Centre will create and maintain the platform and it is up to the states to identify and register unorganized workers
  4. The Socio-Economic and Caste Census 2011 will be used as the base for the platform, and other worker databases — from the states as well as other Central ministries such as Textiles and Health — will also be incorporated into UWIN
  5. The Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008 had first mandated that every worker be registered and issued a smart ID card

Aadhar Mandatory

  1. Those who have enrolled for Aadhaar but have not yet received it can provisionally enroll themselves into the UWIN system with their Aadhaar Enrollment ID
  2. They will be assigned a UWIN number only when they are able to link Aadhaar with their dataset at a later stage
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