From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : LDN, UNCCD
Mains level : Global mechanisms against desertification
- The two week long UNCCD COP ended with a commitment to achieve land degradation neutrality by 2030.
- The Delhi Declaration, a consensus document, agreed upon by more than 100 countries “welcomed” the proposed adoption of a “voluntary” land degradation neutrality target by India.
- India has committed to restoring at least 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030. The Declaration doesn’t detail commitments by other countries.
- Almost 122 nations, including India, have made voluntary commitments in previous years to ensure that a certain percentage of their degraded land was restored.
- India had agreed, again on a voluntary basis, to restore 20 million hectares by 2020.
- Nearly 96 million hectares of land is deemed ‘degraded’ in India.
- Countries will address insecurity of land tenure, promote land restoration to reduce land-related carbon emissions and mobilise innovative sources of finance from public and private sources.