From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Mohalla Clinics
Mains level : Healthcare models in India
- Started in 2015, Delhi’s Mohalla clinic initiative is set to be extended to several states, with Telangana, Karnataka, Jharkhand and J&K expressing interest in adopting the flagship project.
- Sticking to the ‘Mohalla clinic’ name, state authorities are going to provide free treatment and diagnostic services at the centres.
- They are primary health centres in the state of New Delhi, that offer a basic package of essential health services including medicines, diagnostics, and consultation free of cost.
- Mohalla in Hindi means neighborhood or community.
- These clinics serve as the first point of contact for the population, offer timely services, and reduce the load of referrals to secondary and tertiary health facilities in the state.
- Every such clinic has a doctor, a technician for uploading patients’ Aadhaar card details and a lab assistant for collecting blood samples and disbursing medicines.
- The clinics run from 8 am to 2 pm and doctors are paid on the basis of the number of patients they treat — each doctor gets Rs 30 per patient per day.
- Around 100-200 patients visit these clinics on a daily basis. Each clinic is ideally supposed to cater to a 5-km radius with a population of 10,000-15,000.
- New Delhi is soon going to add antenatal tests and immunisation at all these clinics. Our model is incentive-based in which remuneration is given to doctors on a per-patient basis.
An innovation for people
- Delhi’s concept of providing free-of-cost diagnosis and medical services is encouraging patients to visit these clinics.
- Last year, former secretary-general of the UN, Ban Ki-Moon, in his visit to mohalla clinics and polyclinics in the capital, had praised the systematic way in which primary healthcare services were provided to the poor.
- The model is economically sound and offers basic services with no waiting period.
- The Mohalla clinic is not just providing treatment but also redefining the doctor-patient relationship.