Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the NGT
Mains level: Immediate measures to improve air quality in the concerned northern states.
Disincentives for Polluters
- Stating that State governments had failed to curb stubble burning, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on summoned the Chief Secretaries of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
- During the hearing, it was suggested to the Bench that incentives could be provided to those who are not burning the stubble and disincentives for those who continue the practice.
- The fact remains that the problem of stubble burning has not been fully tackled and the adverse impacts on the air quality and consequent impacts on the citizen’s health and lives are undisputed said NGT.
A Lasting Solution
- The problem is required to be resolved by taking all such measures as are possible in the interest of public health and environment protection.
- NGT made it clear that the existing MSP Scheme must be interpreted to enable the concerned States to wholly or partly deny the benefit for those who continue to burn the crop residue.
- NGT has specified very short time on account of the urgency of the situation with regard to deteriorating air quality prevailing in NCT Delhi and adjoining areas.
National Green Tribunal
- National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 (NGT) is an Act of the Parliament of India which enables creation of a special tribunal to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues
- It draws inspiration from the India’s constitutional provision of Article 21, which assures the citizens of India the right to a healthy environment
- The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources.
- It includes enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
- The NGT has not been vested with powers to hear any matter relating to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and various laws enacted by States relating to forests, tree preservation etc.
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