Despite having maximum newborn deaths, India reduces under-five mortality rate by 66%

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: MDG, SDG, UNICEF, National Health Policy

Mains level: Status of child care in India


News

Reduction in under-five deaths

  1. India has notched up a 66 percent reduction in under-five deaths between 1990 to 2015
  2. Still, India has the largest number of babies dying in the world
  3. India is the only major country in the world to have a higher mortality for girls as compared to boys

Meeting MDG target

  1. India has almost met its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target, though it is way past the MDG era
  2. With the current rate of decline, India is back on track to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) target for the under-five mortality of 25 per 1,000 live births by 2030
  3. This was highlighted in a UNICEF report named “Every Child Alive”
  4. Reducing child mortality s not only a part of the Sustainable Development Goals but also a part of the National Health Policy

Back2Basics

Neonatal and Infant Mortality Rate

  • Infant mortality rate: Probability of dying between birth and exactly 1 year of age, expressed per 1,000 live births
  • Neonatal mortality rate: Probability of dying during the first 28 days of life, expressed per 1,000 live births
Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.
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