Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Staphylococcus Epidermidis, MRSA
Mains level: Growing incidences of HIV in country and measures to prevent it
Three variants found in 10 countries
- A superbug resistant to all known antibiotics that can cause “severe” infections or even death is spreading undetected through hospital wards across the world.
- Researchers from Australia discovered three variants of the multidrug-resistant bug in samples from 10 countries.
- The bacteria known as Staphylococcus Epidermidis (Gram-positive) are related to the better-known and more deadly MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) superbug.
- It’s found naturally on human skin and most commonly infects the elderly or patients who have had prosthetic materials implanted, such as catheters and joint replacements.
- It can be deadly for the patients who already are very sick in the hospital and it is difficult to cure.
- The researchers found that some strains of the bug made a small change in its DNA that led to resistance to two of the most common antibiotics.
- Another Australian study suggested some hospital superbugs are growing increasingly tolerant to alcohol-based disinfectants found in handwashes and sanitisers used on hospital wards.