Foreign Policy Watch: India-Middle East

East Jerusalem is Palestine’s capital: OIC


Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Isreal, Palestine (map based), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

Mains level: Unstable middle-east and its effects on India and world

Tension over Jerusalem’s status rises

  1. Islamic leaders urged the world to recognize occupied East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine
  2. Israel sees the entire city as its undivided capital, while the Palestinians want the eastern sector, which the international community regards as annexed by Israel, as the capital of their future state

Emergency summit of OIC

  1. An emergency summit of the world’s main pan-Islamic body, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) was convened in Istanbul to discuss this issue
  2. With the Islamic world itself mired in division, the summit fell short of agreeing on any concrete sanctions against Israel or the U.S.


Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) 

  1. It is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states
  2. The organization states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony”
  3. According to its charter, the OIC aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education, particularly in the fields of science and technology
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