Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

East, NE States score high in curbing infant mortality


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Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

From the UPSC perspective following things are important:

Prelims Level: What IMR is, SRS bulletin.

Mains Level: IMR is an important health factor.


News

What is IMR?

  1. Infant Mortality Rate(IMR) is counted as the number of deaths per 1,000 live births

Data released by the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) bulletin

  1. According to the SRS’ data, states from the east and northeastern part of the country have registered a significant drop in IMR
  2. The all-India IMR has also decreased from 37 in 2015 to 34 in 2016
  3. The SRS bulletin, published by the office of Registrar General of India\

Statewise performance

  1. Bihar, which has the highest density of population in the country, has recorded a drop of four points in IMR from 42 in 2015 to 38 in 2016
  2. In Assam, the IMR has dropped from 47 to 43 and in Jharkhand, it has dropped from 32 to 29
  3. In Odisha, the IMR have dropped from 46 to 44
  4. West Bengal, which has been showing a steady decline over the past few years, has recorded a drop of one point from 26 in 2015 to 25 in 2016

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