Disasters and Disaster Management – Sendai Framework, Floods, Cyclones, etc.

Ensure minimum standards of relief to disaster victims: Supreme CourtSC Judgements


  1. Context: The havoc and humanitarian crisis caused by natural disasters shows that much is to be done to ensure that disaster victims access even minimum standards of relief
  2. Background: The National Disaster Management Act (NDMA) was enacted in 2005
  3. According to the Sec 12 of the Act, it is mandated to provide ‘Minimum Standards of Relief’ in disaster-hit areas
  4. News: SC ordered states to complete the framing of guidelines to provide ‘Minimum Standards of Relief’ mandated under Sec 12 of the Act
  5. It made a remark that providing minimum standards of relief under the NDMA is a fundamental duty of the State
  6. Criticism: There is a lack of concerted effort by the States in order to provide essential services such as shelter, food, drinking water, medical cover and sanitation at relief camps for disaster victims

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