Mains Paper 2: Security | Security challenges and their management
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Exercise Sea Vigil
Mains level: India’s maritime Security
Exercise Sea Vigil
- Ten years after the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, India conducted its largest coastal defence drill, Exercise Sea Vigil.
- The exercise aims to test its preparedness along the entire 7,516.6 km-long-coastline and exclusive economic zone of the country.
- Exercise Sea Vigil aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the efficacy of the measures taken since 26/11.
- It aims to simultaneously activate the coastal security mechanism across all 13 coastal States and Union Territories.
- This involves the evaluation of critical areas and processes, including inter-agency coordination, information sharing and technical surveillance.
- Multi agency audit and identification of gaps, shortfalls and incorporation of lessons learnt into Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are also the desired outcomes.
Role of Indian Navy
- Post 26/11, the Navy was designated as the agency responsible for overall maritime security, including offshore and coastal security.
- The Coast Guard was designated as the agency responsible for coastal security in territorial waters.
- A multi-tiered patrol and surveillance mechanism with focus on technical surveillance and augmenting Maritime Domain Awareness through the coastal radar chain was adopted.
- Progress has been made in real-time information sharing through the National Command Control Communication and Intelligence (NC3I) Network and improving intelligence and operational coordination.