Expand national programmes to eliminate malaria by 2030: WHO

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: World Health Organization, World Malaria Day

Mains level: India’s target for Malaria elimination and issues related to it


News

Expanding the coverage of National Malaria Programmes

  1. The World Health Organization called on its member countries to expand the reach of their national malaria programmes among disadvantaged or neglected communities, including tribal, migrant or mobile populations, to achieve the disease elimination target by 2030
  2. On the eve of World Malaria Day (25th April) WHO urged member countries to ensure that national malaria programmes are provided sustainable funding along with strengthening surveillance

Targeting the Vulnerable

  1. WHO said that high-level commitment was crucial for elimination of malaria, and member countries should be focused on implementing a series of evidence-based interventions
  2. It means providing them access to long-lasting insecticidal nets (and ensuring they know how and why to use them)
  3. Other measures include- Carrying out the indoor residual spraying
  4. And providing pregnant women and children under-5 within these groups special attention, including increased access to antenatal services

Back2Basics

National framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME)

  1. NFME outlines the strategies for eradication of the disease by 2030
  2. It classifies districts or states/UTs depending upon their Annual Parasite Incidence (API) or malaria
    endemicity into categories 0,1,2,3
  3. API number gives the number of cases affected by malaria per 1000 population per annum
  4. The milestones and targets are set for 2016, 2020, 2022, 2024, 2027 and 2030 by when the entire country has sustained zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria for 3 years and initiated the processes for certification of malaria elimination status to the country
  5. The objectives of the NFME are to:
  • Eliminate malaria from all low (Category 1) and moderate (Category 2) endemic states/UTs (26) by 2022
  • Reduce the incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population in all States/UTs and the districts and malaria elimination in 31 states/UTs by 2024
  • Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria in all States/ UTs (Category 3) by 2027;
  • Prevent re-establishment of local transmission of malaria in areas where it has been eliminated and to maintain the malaria-free status of the country by 2030
Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.
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