Citizenship and Related Issues

Explained: Nehru-Liaquat Agreement of 1950


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Nehru-Liaquat Agreement of 1950

Mains level : Significance of the said pact in justifying CAB

Rejecting the Opposition’s criticism that the CAB discriminates against minorities, the Union Home Minister has referred to the Nehru-Liaquat pact to justify the new legislation.

The Nehru-Liaquat Pact

  • The Liaquat–Nehru Pact was a bilateral treaty between India and Pakistan, where refugees were allowed to return to dispose of their property, abducted women and looted property were to be returned, forced conversions were unrecognized, and minority rights were confirmed.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru and Liaquat Ali Khan were the Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan.
  • Officially the agreement was signed on April 8, 1950.
  • The need for such a pact was felt by minorities in both countries following Partition, which was accompanied by massive communal rioting.
  • In 1950, as per some estimates, over a million Hindus and Muslims migrated from and to East Pakistan amid communal tension and riots such as the 1950 East Pakistan riots and the Noakhali riots.

Key takeaways of the plan

  • refugees were allowed to return unmolested to dispose of their property
  • abducted women and looted property were to be returned
  • forced conversions were unrecognized
  • minority rights were confirmed
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