The Phase 1 results from the National Family Health Survey-4 for 2015-16, which covered 13 States and 2 Union Territories (UTs), are a reason to smile.
- In nearly every State, fewer children are dying in infancy, and across all States, more mothers are getting access to skilled ante-natal care.
- Other findings are that while anaemia is widespread, rates have declined.
- Currently, over half the children in 10 States and over half the mothers in 11 States continue to be anaemic.
- Consistent with the burden of non-communicable diseases in India, over-nutrition or obesity among adults has emerged as a major concern.
- The total fertility rates or the average number of children per woman, range from 1.2 in Sikkim to 3.4 in Bihar.