From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Forest PLUS 2.0
Mains level : Forest management in India
- US Agency for International Development (USAID) and India’s MoEF&CC officially launched Forest-PLUS 2.0 initiative.
- It is a five-year programme initiated in December 2018 that focuses on developing tools and techniques to bolster ecosystem management and harnessing ecosystem services in forest landscape management.
- Forest-PLUS 2.0, the second set of pilot project is meant to enhance sustainable forest landscape management after Forest-PLUS completed its five years in 2017.
- The programme’s first set focused on capacity building to help India participate in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+).
- It included four pilot projects in Sikkim, Rampur, Shivamogga and Hoshangabad.
About the programme
- Under these, field tests, innovative tools and approaches for Indian forest management were developed.
- Promotion of bio-briquettes in Sikkim, introduction of solar heating systems in Rampur and development of an agro-forestry model in Hoshangabad were some of the achievements of this programme.
- Forest-PLUS 2.0 comprises pilot project in three landscapes — Gaya in Bihar, Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala and Medak in Telangana.
- 1,20,000 hectares of land under improved management
- New, inclusive economic activity worth $12 million
- Measurable benefits accrued to 800,000 households
- Three incentive mechanisms demonstrated in managing landscapes for ecosystem services
Three focal points of action
i. Developing tools for multiple services in forests management
- The tools consist innovative apps for automating forest planning processes, model forest management plans.
- These tools are expected to result in enhanced water flow and quality, improved livelihoods and resilience of forest-dependent communities.
II. Developing incentive-based instruments for leveraging finance
- For example, a payment mechanism where a municipality or industry would pay upstream forest communities to use water flowing down because of improved forest management.
III. Unlocking economic opportunities for forest-dependent people
- This is to be done by modelling and setting up conservation enterprises and mobilizing investment from the private sector.