Forest-PLUS 2.0 Programme


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Forest PLUS 2.0

Mains level : Forest management in India

  • US Agency for International Development (USAID) and India’s MoEF&CC officially launched Forest-PLUS 2.0 initiative.

Forest-PLUS 2.0

  • It is a five-year programme initiated in December 2018 that focuses on developing tools and techniques to bolster ecosystem management and harnessing ecosystem services in forest landscape management.
  • Forest-PLUS 2.0, the second set of pilot project is meant to enhance sustainable forest landscape management after Forest-PLUS completed its five years in 2017.
  • The programme’s first set focused on capacity building to help India participate in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+).
  • It included four pilot projects in Sikkim, Rampur, Shivamogga and Hoshangabad.

About the programme

  • Under these, field tests, innovative tools and approaches for Indian forest management were developed.
  • Promotion of bio-briquettes in Sikkim, introduction of solar heating systems in Rampur and development of an agro-forestry model in Hoshangabad were some of the achievements of this programme.
  • Forest-PLUS 2.0 comprises pilot project in three landscapes — Gaya in Bihar, Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala and Medak in Telangana.


  • 1,20,000 hectares of land under improved management
  • New, inclusive economic activity worth $12 million
  • Measurable benefits accrued to 800,000 households
  • Three incentive mechanisms demonstrated in managing landscapes for ecosystem services

Three focal points of action

i. Developing tools for multiple services in forests management

  • The tools consist innovative apps for automating forest planning processes, model forest management plans.
  • These tools are expected to result in enhanced water flow and quality, improved livelihoods and resilience of forest-dependent communities.

II. Developing incentive-based instruments for leveraging finance

  • For example, a payment mechanism where a municipality or industry would pay upstream forest communities to use water flowing down because of improved forest management.

III. Unlocking economic opportunities for forest-dependent people

  • This is to be done by modelling and setting up conservation enterprises and mobilizing investment from the private sector.
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