Food Safety Standards – FSSAI, food fortification, etc.

Fortified rice will be distributed through PDS


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre & States & the performance of these schemes

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Biofortification

Mains level: Nutrition levels in India and government policies and schemes for their improvement

Improving nutrition via PDS

  1. Union Food Ministry is mulling over a proposal to distribute fortified rice through the public distribution system
  2. Rice will be fortified with essential vitamins and minerals



  1. Fortification is the practice of deliberately increasing the content of an essential micronutrient, i.e. vitamins and minerals (including trace elements) in a food
  2. This is done to improve the nutritional quality of the food supply and provide a public health benefit with minimal risk to health
  3. Biofortification is the process by which the nutritional quality of food crops is improved through agronomic practices, conventional plant breeding, or modern biotechnology
  4. Biofortification differs from conventional fortification in that biofortification aims to increase nutrient levels in crops during plant growth rather than through manual means during processing of the crops
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