From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Gandhi Legacy Bill
Mains level : Relevance of Gandhian thoughts
An American Congressman John Lewis introduced a Bill in the US House of Representatives that aims to promote the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Junior.
Gandhi Legacy Bill
- The Bill has been moved to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Gandhi and affirms the friendship between the US and India.
- The aim of this Bill is to affirm the friendships of the governments of the US and India and to establish a bilateral partnership, “for collaboration to advance the development and shared values, and for other purposes”.
- It proposes for the establishment of a Gandhi-King Scholarly Exchange initiative with an allocation of over $2 million for five years until 2025.
Who is John Lewis?
- In 1963, Lewis was 23-years-old when he was being dubbed one of the Big Six leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, during the years when the movement had reached its peak.
- He was influenced by Gandhi’s use of non-violent methods that he was employed to oppose the rule of the British Empire in India.
- In fact, King himself drew from Gandhi’s methods of using non-violent approaches of resistance during the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-56.
Lewis and King in India
- In 2009, Lewis was part of a cultural delegation that was sent to India by then US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
- The trip was undertaken to commemorate and retrace King and his wife’s visit to India between February-March 1959 to study the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi.