Mains Paper 3 : Intellectual Property Rights |
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Kandhamal and Erode Turmeric
Mains level : GI Indications and their importance
- ‘Kandhamal Haldi’, a variety of turmeric indigenous to southern Odisha, has earned the GI tag.
- Earlier this month, Erode turmeric also got a GI tag from the Geographical Indication Registry.
- Kandhamal in Odisha’s southern hinterland is famed for its turmeric, a spice that enjoys its pride of place in an array of cuisines.
- The agricultural product also stands out for its healing properties and arresting aroma.
- The GI tag was primarily developed with the purpose of recognising the unique identity connecting different products and places.
- For a product to get GI tag it has to have a unique quality, reputation or characteristic which is attributable to its geographic origin. ‘Kandhamal Haldi’ has been placed under Class-30 type
Other associated facts
- The Kandhamal turmeric was accorded the tag on the state’s Foundation Day.
- Odisha, on April 1 1936, was carved out as a separate state in the then British India on a linguistic identity.
- Erode turmeric is a rhizome, both finger and bulb obtained from the Erode local cultivar.
- In its claim for uniqueness, the application said the mean length of the fingers of Erode turmeric was about 4.15cm and the mean circumference was about 3.03cm.
- The mean bulb length of the mother rhizome is about 4.54cm and the mean circumference is 6.54cm.
- Quality parameters of the turmeric included 2.5 to 4.5% of curcumin content, a golden yellow colour and resistence to pests after boiling.
Geographical Indications in India
- A Geographical Indication is used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
- Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.
- This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
- Recently the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry has launched the logo and tagline for the Geographical Indications (GI) of India.
- The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004. There are a total of 325productsfrom India that carry this indication.
- Darjeeling Tea, Mahabaleshwar Strawberry, Blue Pottery of Jaipur, Banarasi Sarees and Tirupati Laddus are some of the GIs.
- The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
- India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
- Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Geneva Act.