Climate Change Impact on India and World – International Reports, Key Observations, etc.

Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) Report, 2019


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Highlights of the report

Mains level : Climate change induced mortality in India

India saw the most pollution deaths — about 2.3 million — a new report has found. Air pollution — both ambient and indoor — is one of the largest and most obvious types of pollution affecting global health.

About the report

  • The report is titled Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Regional and Country Analysis.
  • It is released by the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP).
  • It seeks to update findings from The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health, and provides a ranking of pollution deaths on global, regional and country levels.
  • The report uses the most recent Global Burden of Disease data from the Institute of Health Metrics Evaluation.

Deaths in India

  • India is followed by China in the number of pollution deaths, with about 1.8 million.
  • The United States makes the top 10 list with 1,97,000 pollution-related deaths, while ranking 132nd in the number of deaths per 100,000 people.
  • The report includes three lists on pollution-induced deaths. India is the only country that features in the top 10 in all three lists.
  • The top 10 countries with the most pollution deaths include both the world’s largest and wealthiest nations, and some of its poorer ones.
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