Mains Paper 2 : Health & Education |
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : GDS
Mains level : Read the attached story
- A global survey of recreational drug-use, which for the first time polled respondents from India, has found that Indians — more than from other nationalities — are seeking help to reduce their alcohol intake.
Global Drug Survey
- The Global Drug Survey (GDS) is an anonymised online survey that uses a detailed questionnaire to assess trends in drug use and self-reported harms among regular drug users and early adopters of new trends.
- The survey is not designed to determine the prevalence of drug behaviour in a population.
- It throws light on stigmatized behaviours and health outcomes of a hidden population that is otherwise difficult to reach.
- GDS use its data and expertise to create digital health applications delivering screening and brief interventions for drugs and alcohol.
- GDS also produces a range of drug education materials for health and legal professionals, the entertainment industry and the general public.
Drugs menace in India
- Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis were the most common stimulants used by Indians.
- Of the nearly 1,00,000 respondents from 30 countries, Indians reported ‘being drunk’ on an average of 41 times in the last 12 months — behind the U.K., the U.S., Canada, Australia and Denmark in that order but well above the global average of 33 times.
- Indian respondents to the survey, conducted online October-December 2018, appeared more than other nationalities eager for help with reducing their alcohol intake.
- According to the 2019 GDS, 51% of the respondents wanted to ‘drink less’ in the following year and 41% ‘wanted help to do so’ — again the highest percentage among other countries.
- About 6% of the female Indians surveyed reported seeking ‘emergency medical treatment’ in the last 12 months. The global female average was about 13%.
- None of the males in India reported seeking medical treatment, compared to the global average of 12%.
- Only 2% sought emergency medical treatment after using cannabis.
- Similar to alcohol use, 51% said they wanted to use ‘less cannabis’ in the following year; more than any other nationality and well above the global average of 31%.
- Alcohol and tobacco apart, the most used drugs globally were cannabis, MDMA (or Ecstacy), cocaine, amphetamines, LSD (or ‘acid’), magic mushrooms, benzodiazepines, prescription opioids, ketamine, nitrous oxide.
- The survey also found that globally approximately 14% (11,000) reported being taken advantage of sexually while intoxicated in their lifetime and 4% in the last 12 months.