Mains Paper 3 : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Prelims level: Policy for skill India
Mains level: Steps being taken by Government for skilling people.
2016 Mains question: “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable?
- India plans to make it easier for masons, carpenters and plumbers, among other skilled persons, to get jobs overseas.
- The skill development and entrepreneurship ministry is giving a final shape to the policy, which will be presented to the Union cabinet for its approval.
- The policy and the action plan will address the information asymmetry.
- Information Asymmetry exists across the globe for different skills and the basic minimum certification required for each skill in different countries.
- Currently, the skill development ministry does not have enough information on how many masons or plumbers are needed and in which countries.
- The new policy will help us map this requirement,
- India will have a surplus manpower of four-five crore over the next decade.
- Vision to make India the skilled capital of the world.
- Part of the larger vision to imparting skills to 50 crore youth by 2022.
Earlier Steps Taken
- Last year, government announced the launch of 50 India International Skill Centres to impart training to youth under the Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
- The idea was to increase the employability and acceptability of Indian youth on global platforms.