Forest Conservation Efforts – NFP, Western Ghats, etc.

Government weighs doubling of protected areas over next few years

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Aichi targets

Mains level: Important step for achieving Aichi targets.


News

Future plan of the Environment Ministry

  1. The ministry is considering doubling the number of protected areas such as national parks and wildlife sanctuaries from the current 729 over the next few years

Current situation

  1. At present protected areas, including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and conservation and community reserves, cover 4.9% or 162,072 sq. km of India’s geographical area

Why is this important?

  1. India’s network of protected areas is far below the “Aichi Target” of 17% of the terrestrial land
  2. About 0.3 % of EEZ (exclusive economic zone) is under Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in India, far below the Aichi Target of 10%
  3. Aichi biodiversity targets are a series of goals that were set in 2010 at a Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity meeting for protection and conservation of biodiversity

Next possible step

  1. States such as
    Uttar Pradesh (2.4 %), Rajasthan (2.8 %), Jharkhand (2.7 %), West Bengal (3.2 %), Bihar (3.4 %), Madhya Pradesh (3.5 %), Tamil Nadu (4.1 %)
    may be requested to achieve the average national target of at least 5% of their geographical area under the four protected area categories
  2. These states have contributed less than the national average to the network of projected area
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