Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Aichi targets
Mains level: Important step for achieving Aichi targets.
Future plan of the Environment Ministry
- The ministry is considering doubling the number of protected areas such as national parks and wildlife sanctuaries from the current 729 over the next few years
- At present protected areas, including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and conservation and community reserves, cover 4.9% or 162,072 sq. km of India’s geographical area
Why is this important?
- India’s network of protected areas is far below the “Aichi Target” of 17% of the terrestrial land
- About 0.3 % of EEZ (exclusive economic zone) is under Marine Protected Areas (MPA) in India, far below the Aichi Target of 10%
- Aichi biodiversity targets are a series of goals that were set in 2010 at a Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity meeting for protection and conservation of biodiversity
Next possible step
- States such as
Uttar Pradesh (2.4 %), Rajasthan (2.8 %), Jharkhand (2.7 %), West Bengal (3.2 %), Bihar (3.4 %), Madhya Pradesh (3.5 %), Tamil Nadu (4.1 %)
may be requested to achieve the average national target of at least 5% of their geographical area under the four protected area categories
- These states have contributed less than the national average to the network of projected area