Urban Transformation – Smart Cities, AMRUT, etc.

Govt plans liveability index of 116 cities


Mains Paper 1: Social issues | Urbanization , their problems & remedies

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Liveability index, Economist Intelligence Unit, Global Liveability Ranking, Liveability Standards

Mains level: Measures being undertaken to improve living conditions in Indian cities

Liveability index planned

  1. The ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has decided to bring out a liveability index of 116 cities, including the 99 smart cities already identified, state capitals, and cities with 1 million-plus population
  2. The cities, which together account for a total population of 13.4 crore people, will be ranked in order of the quality of life they offer

Modus Operandi

  1. The ministry has decided to involve the Economist Intelligence Unit, which brings out an annual liveability index of cities across the world, for the purpose
  2. The EIU of The Economist, the London-based weekly, in alliance with the IPSOS Research Private Limited and Athena Infonomics (India pvt ltd) are going to do an assessment of the liveability index
  3. The programme would be funded by the World Bank, and the assessment would be of relative nature

Global Liveability Ranking

  1. Currently, the EIU’s ‘Global Liveability Ranking’ for 140 cities includes only two Indian cities — Mumbai and Delhi
  2. As per the 2015 index, both cities fare poorly, with Delhi at 100th spot and Mumbai at 115th
  3. The ranking is based on parameters like stability, healthcare, culture, environment, education and infrastructure

‘Liveability Standards’

  1. In June last year ministry had launched a set of ‘Liveability Standards’ relevant to Indian cities
  2. It included 79 indicators in 15 categories for measuring institutional, social, economic and physical aspects that affect quality of life
  3. These included education, healthcare, roads, mobility, jobs, grievance redressal, pollution, emergency response, green open spaces, as well as cultural and entertainment opportunities

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