Pharma Sector – Drug Pricing, NPPA, FDC, Generics, etc.

Govt set to bring Tramadol under NDPS Act


Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Tramadol, Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB), Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), Drugs and Cosmetics Act

Mains level: Drug abuse in India & its impact on society and economy


Keeping more vigil on painkiller drug

  1. The government is all set to bring Tramadol, a painkiller, under the ambit of the Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act
  2. The move is aimed at checking its abuse

Why this decision?

  1. The Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) raised concerns about the abuse and trafficking of pharmaceuticals in a recent meeting held at the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO)
  2. It suggested that the availability of Tramadol be substantially reduced in order to track its movement in the market
  3. At the Drug Consultative Committee (DCC) meeting, the NCB suggested manufacturing of Tramadol and codeine-based cough syrups in small batches to enable authorities to track the manufacturer

Difference between NDPS Act & Drugs and Cosmetics Act

  1. The NDPS provides for strict imprisonment and fine for offenders
  2. NDPS Act treats drug offenses very seriously and penalties are stiff, whereas Drugs and Cosmetics Act deal with the quality of the drug

Back2Basics

Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB)

  1. The Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) is the nodal drug law enforcement and intelligence agency of India responsible for fighting drug trafficking and the abuse of illegal substances
  2. It was created on 17 March 1986 to enable the full implementation of The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 and fight its violation through the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988
  3. The law was established to fulfill India’s treaty obligations under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Convention on Psychotropic Substances, and United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
  4. NCB is affiliated to Home Ministry
  5. The chief purpose of the Narcotics Control Bureau is to fight drug trafficking on an all-India level
  6. The NCB also monitors India’s frontiers to track down points where smuggling activities take place with foreign traffickers
  7. The Narcotics Control Bureau is also represented on the Economic Intelligence Council
  8. The Economic Intelligence Council is the apex forum overseeing government agencies responsible for economic intelligence and combating economic offenses in India

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