Govt to assess impact of Hepatitis B immunization drive


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: UIP(Read B2B)

Mains level: Hepatitis B is a serious issue(to be tackled) in India’s Health missions


Assessing the impact

  1. The Union health ministry has planned to assess the impact of the Hepatitis B immunization drive on the population
  2. The Hepatitis B vaccine was introduced, 10 years ago, in the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP)
  3. Under the health ministry’s plan, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) aims to identify the barriers leading to low Hepatitis B coverage under UIP
  4. And study the impact of the immunization done over the years

Seriousness of the Hepatitis B problem

  1. Viral hepatitis, despite government efforts, continues to be a serious public health problem in India.
  2. More than 52 million people in the country are currently infected with chronic hepatitis, according to the World Health Organization (WHO)
  3. There is however, a paucity of nationally representative data to establish accurate disease burden

National Action Plan for Viral Hepatitis (NAPVH)

  1. The health ministry is developing a comprehensive integrated three-year NAPVH
  2. With the key objective of providing an actionable framework of evidence based, priority interventions to support the national response for prevention, control and management of viral hepatitis in the country
  3. Under the plan, studies will be conducted to understand the efficacy of alternative medicine in preventing and treating viral hepatitis, comparison of indigenous and Chinese hepatitis vaccines in clinical trials
  4. And understand the modes of transmission of viral hepatitis B


Universal Immunization Programme(UIP)

  1. Universal Immunization Programme is a vaccination program launched by the Government of India in 1985
  2. It became a part of Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme in 1992 and is currently one of the key areas under National Rural Health Mission(NRHM) since 2005
  3. The program now consists of vaccination for 12 diseases- tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles, Hepatitis B, Diarrhoea, Japanese Encephalitis, rubella, Pneumonia( Heamophilus Influenza Type B)and Pneumococcal diseases (Pneumococcal Pneumonia and Meningitis). Hepatitis B and Pneumococcal diseases[1] was added to the UIP in 2007 and 2017 respectively
  4. The other additions in UIP through the way are inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), rotavirus vaccine (RVV) ,Measles-Rubella vaccine (MR)
  5. Four new vaccines have been introduced into the country’s Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP), including injectable polio vaccine, an adult vaccine against Japanese Encephalitis and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.
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