Communicable and Non-communicable diseases – HIV, Malaria, Cancer, Mental Health, etc.

Health Ministry to roll out prog to combat hepatitis


Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particular of the Hepatitis disease

Mains level: Targets set under the initiative.


News

Important decision taken by the Health Ministry

  1. The Health Ministry has decided to roll out an initiative for prevention and control of viral hepatitis
  2. Why: to address aspects such as surveillance, awareness generation, safe blood and injection safety to combat the disease

Particulars of the initiative: The ‘Integrated initiative for prevention & control of viral hepatitis’ 

  1. Under the initiative, the ministry has decided to establish a state coordination unit under the state NHM for efficient rollout of the programme in 26 large and four small states
  2. There is also a plan to set up 50 state laboratories for assisting in diagnosis and training of the district hospitals for screening of hepatitis
  3. The ministry intends to scale up to 100 treatment and 665 testing centres over a period of next three years

Budgetary provisions

  1. The National Health Mission (NHM) has decided to roll out ‘Integrated initiative for prevention & control of viral hepatitis’ with a budget of Rs 517.39 crore for three years

Back2basics

Hepatitis

  1. Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue
  2. Some people have no symptoms whereas others develop yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, poor appetite, vomiting, tiredness, abdominal pain, or diarrhea
  3. Hepatitis may be temporary (acute) or long term (chronic) depending on whether it lasts for less than or more than six months
  4. Acute hepatitis can sometimes resolve on its own, progress to chronic hepatitis, or rarely result in acute liver failure
  5. Over time the chronic form may progress to scarring of the liver, liver failure, or liver cancer
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