Citizenship and Related Issues

Hearing on Citizenship Bill begins in Assam amid protests


Mains Paper 2: Polity | Functions & responsibilities of the Union & the States, issues & challenges pertaining to the federal structure

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Joint Parliamentary Committee, Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, Assam Accord of 1985

Mains level: Issue of illegal migration in Assam and other areas and its effects on economy and security of country

Granting citizenship to migrants

  1. The Joint Parliamentary Committee on the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 began its hearing in Assam
  2. The bill, introduced in the Lok Sabha on July 15, 2016, seeks to grant citizenship to non-Muslims who have fled persecution in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan

Violation of Assam Accord

  1. Indigenous groups in Assam view this as a move to legitimize Hindus who have migrated from Bangladesh after 1971
  2. They also see it as a violation of the provisions of the Assam Accord of 1985


Assam Accord of 1985

  1. The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985
  2. A six-year agitation demanding identification and deportation of illegal immigrants was launched by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in 1979
  3. It culminated with the signing of the Assam Accord
  4. The accord prescribes deportation for everyone who entered the state illegally after the midnight of March 24, 1971
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