Cyber Security – CERTs, Policy, etc

Home Ministry pitches for Budapest Convention on cyber security


Mains Paper 3: Internal Security | Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media & social networking sites in internal security challenges

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Budapest Convention, Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)

Mains level: Rising rate of cybercrimes and ways to deal with it

Need for international cooperation to tackle cyber crime

  1. India was reconsidering its position on becoming a member of the Budapest Convention
  2. This was because of the surge in cybercrime, especially after a push for digital India
  3. The Ministry of Home Affairs has flagged the need for international cooperation to check cyber crime, radicalization and boost data security

Opposition by Intelligence Bureau

  1. The move is being opposed by the Intelligence Bureau
  2. IB argues that sharing data with foreign law enforcement agencies infringes on national sovereignty and may jeopardize the rights of individuals

Deadline set for setting up I4C

  1. Home ministry has set a deadline of February this year to operationalize the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)
  2. The Home Minister had announced the setting up of I4C in 2016 to deal with all types of cyber crime at the national level
  3. I4C will be set up under the newly created Cyber and Information Security (CIS) division of the MHA
  4. CIS will have four wings, namely security clearance, cybercrime prevention, cyber security and information security


Budapest Convention

  1. The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations
  2. It was drawn up by the Council of Europe
  3. It was opened for signature in Budapest, on 23 November 2001 and it entered into force on 1 July 2004
  4. The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography, hate crimes, and violations of network security
  5. It also provides procedural law tools to make investigation of cybercrime and securing of e-evidence in relation to any crime more effective
  6. The convention allows  international police and judicial cooperation on cybercrime and e-evidence
  7. The Convention has 56 members, including the US and the UK

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