Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Read B2B
Mains level: Imbibing environment conservation and SDG strategies through schooling.
- The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) under the Environment Ministry, signed two pacts to spread awareness about forests, and environment among the youths of the country.
- The ICFRE signed MoUs with Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) to launch the ‘Prakriti’ programme.
- The programme aims to promote awareness about forests and environment, and to stimulate interest among the students of NVS and KVS in maintaining a balanced environment.
- It also aims for acquiring skills that reflect care and protection towards forests, environment and society.
- Another objective of the programme is to provide a platform to school children to learn practical skills for judicious use of resources.
- It seeks to mobilise a cadre of youths for raising a peoples’ movement committed to conserve forests and the environment.
Particulars of the Programme
- Signed for a period of 10 years, the pact is expected to make the youth of the country sensitive towards national and global issues of environment and forests and help them become responsible citizens.
- Through this collaboration, knowledge will be imparted to students and teachers of NVS and KVS on environment, forests, and environmental services.
- They will be provided contemporary knowledge of forestry research by way of lectures and interactive sessions by scientists of ICFRE.
- Visits of students and teachers of NVS and KVS schools will also be arranged to the laboratories and field/experiments of ICFRE institutes for hands-on experiences.
Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE)
- It is an autonomous agency under the MoEFCC.
- Headquartered in Dehradun, its functions are to conduct forestry research; transfer the technologies developed to the states of India and other user agencies; and to impart forestry education.
- The council has 9 research institutes and 4 advanced centres to cater to the research needs of different bio-geographical regions.
- These are located at Dehradun, Shimla, Ranchi, Jorhat, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Allahabad, Chhindwara, Aizawl, Hyderabad and Agartala.
- Currently ICFRE is focusing on contemporary issues of national and international importance particularly in the areas of climate change, forest productivity, bio-diversity conservation and skill development.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs)
- JNVs are fully residential and co-educational schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) with classes from VI to XII standard.
- They are run by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, New Delhi, an autonomous organization under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of HRD.
- JNVs are specifically tasked with finding talented children in rural areas of India and providing them with an education equivalent to the best residential school system, without regard to their families’ socio-economic condition.
- Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti was established with the primary objective to provide modern quality education to talented children, predominantly from the rural areas, without regard to their family’s socio-economic condition.
- JNVs exist all over India, with the exception of Tamil Nadu, where anti Hindi movements were widespread during past times.
- The Kendriya Vidyalayas are a system of central government schools in India that are instituted under the aegis of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD).
- The system came into being in 1963 under the name ‘Central Schools’. Later, the name was changed to Kendriya Vidyalaya.
- All the schools are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
- Its objective is to educate children of the Indian Defence Services personnel who are often posted to remote locations.
- With the army starting its own Army Public Schools, the service was extended (but not restricted) to all central government employees.
- A uniform curriculum is followed by these schools all over India.
- By providing a common syllabus and system of education, the KVs are intended to ensure that the children of government employees do not face education disadvantages when their parents are transferred from one location to another.