Labour, Jobs and Employment – Harmonization of labour laws, gender gap, unemployment, etc.

India among 90 nations without paid paternity leave for new dads: UNICEF


Mains Paper 3: Economy | Development & employment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: UNICEF

Mains level: DEmand for paternity leave across the world and various impediments in its implementation

No national policy on paternity leave

  1. India is among almost 90 countries in the world without national policies in place that ensure new fathers get adequate paid time off with their newborn babies
  2. Almost two-thirds of the world’s children under one-year-old, nearly 90 million, live in countries where their fathers are not entitled by law to a single day of paid paternity leave
  3. This was revealed in a study conducted by UNICEF

Family-friendly policies being formulated

  1. Around the world, momentum for family-friendly policies was growing
  2. For example, in India, officials are proposing a Paternity Benefit Bill for consideration in the next session of Parliament which would allow fathers up to three months of paid paternity leave
  3. Earlier this year, UNICEF modernized its approach to parental leave provisions, with up to 16 weeks of paid leave for paternity across all of its offices worldwide

Need for paternity leave

  1. Evidence suggests that when fathers bond with their babies from the beginning of life, they are more likely to play a more active role in the child’s development
  2. Research also suggests that when children positively interact with their fathers, they have better psychological health, self-esteem and life-satisfaction in the long-term
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