India among the worst affected by climate change: IMF study

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Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much

Mains level: Patterns of Global Warming’s affects around the world.


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Region that will be most affected by the Global Warming

  1. According to a study of the IMF, countries in the tropics will be the worst affected as a result of global warming
  2. The report says, for the median emerging market economy, a 1°C increase from a temperature of 22°C lowers growth in the same year by 0.9 percentage point(see figure given below)

Affect on India and others

  1. India is one of the worst affected, with its per capita output expected to fall
  2. Other countries in the region, such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia will be similarly affected

Affects on Developed Nations

  1. The impact of most developed nations, located in the temperate zone, is negligible
  2. The overall impact on China’s growth, too, is estimated to be negligible
  3. On the other hand, some northern nations such as Russia, Norway and Canada will see their growth improve

Climate Change Negotiations – UNFCCC, COP, Other Conventions and Protocols
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