Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Not Much
Mains level: India-China convergence of opinions over Afghanistan.
- India and China has jointly launched a training programme for Afghan diplomats in New Delhi.
- The move implies the India-China cooperation going more regional.
Increasing Chinese Footprints
- Chinese envoy has suggested extending cooperation to other countries such as Iran, Nepal and Myanmar.
- India has been concerned by what it sees as China’s increasing footprint on India’s traditional sphere of influence in South Asia viz. Nepal, Maldives etc.
- New Delhi has opposed suggestions by countries such as the Maldives and Nepal to include China in SAARC.
Sustained efforts post Doklam Standoff
- That meet was aimed at a reset in ties after the 73-day military standoff between the two countries on Bhutan’s Doklam plateau last year.
- The joint cooperation for Afghanistan is seen as a step to reduce tensions between the neighbours whose ties are mired in mutual suspicion because of an unsettled border dispute.
- This marks the beginning of a long term trilateral partnership for the benefit of Afghanistan.
Significance of the Initiative
- The joint efforts reflect closer coordination and cooperation between our two countries on regional affairs and represent a positive development in China-India relations.
- It is a testament to the joint aspiration and endeavour to contribute to regional peace and stability.
- India and China share similar views on the war- torn country, including the need to support an Afghan-led and -owned peace and reconciliation process and fight terrorism.