India facing critical shortage of healthcare providers: WHO

Mains Paper 2 : Health & Education |

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Not Much

Mains level : Healthcare lacunae in India


News

  • Despite the health sector employing five million workers, India continues to have low density of health professionals.

Critical Shortage in India

  • India faces the problem of acute shortages and inequitable distributions of skilled health workers as have many other low- and middle-income countries.
  • The figures for India are lower than those of Sri Lanka, China, Thailand, United Kingdom and Brazil, according to a WHO database.
  • This workforce statistic has put the country into the “critical shortage of healthcare providers” category.
  • Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan are the worst hit while Delhi, Kerala, Punjab and Gujarat compare favorably.

Health workforce in India

  • The health workforce in India comprises broadly eight categories, namely: doctors (allopathic, alternative medicine); nursing and midwifery professionals; public health professionals (medical, non-medical); pharmacists; dentists; paramedical workers (allied health professionals); grass-root workers (frontline workers); and support staff.

WHO says

  • Data on the prevalence of occupational vacancies in the health care system in India overall is scarce.
  • Government statistics for 2008, based on vacancies in sanctioned posts showed 18% of primary health centres were without a doctor, about 38% were without a laboratory technician and 16% were without a pharmacist.
  • The need of the hour is to design courses for different categories of non-physician care providers.
  • Competencies (and not qualification alone) should be valued and reform must be brought in regulatory structures to provide flexibility for innovations.
Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.
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