Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: STA-1
Mains level: India-US defence relations.
A strategic push for India
- US government granted India the status of STA-1 a trading partner equivalent to its closest allies in the NATO. This decision is likely to boost India’s defence trade with the U.S.
- The US decision to move India into Tier-1 of the Department of Commerce’s Strategic Trade Authorisation (STA) license is a logical culmination to India’s designation as a Major Defence Partner of the US
- It is a reaffirmation of India’s impeccable record as a responsible member of the concerned multilateral export control regimes.
- As a result of this move, India will require less number of licences for acquiring U.S. defence exports.
- Apart from India, other Asian countries in the STA-1 list are Japan and South Korea.
- The move is a sign of trust not only in the relationship but also on India’s capabilities as an economic and a security partner.
- This is because it also presupposes that India has the multilateral export control regime in place, which would allow the transfer of more sensitive defense technologies and dual use technologies to India and without the risk of any proliferation.
- Currently, 36 countries, mostly all NATO nations, have this status, so it’s a very elevated status from an export control point of view.