Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the Measles
Mains level: Important report showing inability of Indian government to counter the disease.
New report on Measles
- According to a report by the the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United Nations Foundation, UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO), around 20.8 million children across the world are still missing their first measles vaccine dose
- More than half these unvaccinated children live in six countries
(1) Nigeria (3.3 million), (2) India (2.9 million), (3) Pakistan (2.0 million), (4) Indonesia (1.2 million), (5) Ethiopia (0.9 million), and (6) Democratic Republic of the Congo (0.7 million)
- India has the second highest population of children who haven’t been vaccinated against measles
- It happened despite the government’s focused campaign to check the highly contagious infection
- Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by the measles virus
- Initial signs and symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40 °C (104.0 °F), cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes
- Two or three days after the start of symptoms, small white spots may form inside the mouth, known as Koplik’s spots.
- A red, flat rash which usually starts on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body typically begins three to five days after the start of symptoms.
- Symptoms usually develop 10–12 days after exposure to an infected person and last 7–10 days. Complications occur in about 30% and may include diarrhea, blindness, inflammation of the brain, and pneumonia among others
- Rubella (German measles) and roseola are different diseases.