India helping South Asian countries in developing climate services

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Mains Paper 2: IR | India & its neighborhood- relations

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: SASCOF, SAARC, World Meteorological Organisation

Mains level: India’s role in neighbourhood


News

India hosts SASCOF

  1. Pune hosted the 12th edition of South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) on April 19 and 20
  2. India has hosted six editions so far

What is SASCOF?

  1. SASCOF was established in 2010 as a platform where meteorologists from South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC) member countries along with Myanmar, could discuss some of the common weather and climate-related matters
  2. All these South Asian countries — except for Afghanistan, which is located in extreme northwest — experience common weather and climatological characteristics, like Southwest monsoon
  3. Since 2015, the forum issues Climate Outlook even for the Northeast monsoon

Why such forum?

  1. The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) encourages co-operation and establishment of Regional Climate Outlook Forums in every region that share similar weather and climate
  2. WMO has recognised Pune office of IMD as the Regional Climate Centre (RCC)

Role of Regional Climate Centre

  1. Under this, IMD issues a four-monthly forecast with details of temperature and rainfall for the entire region
  2. Besides this, India also extends all kinds of support to them, be it in the form of software or tools required for weather predictions, providing training to meteorologists, providing country-specific forecasts or inviting meteorologists to work in India in order to improve their skills
Foreign Policy Watch: India-SAARC Nations
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