Climate Change Negotiations – UNFCCC, COP, Other Conventions and Protocols

India on course to achieve its 2030 climate targets: New report


Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: India’s NDCs

Mains level: The new report show India’s seriousness and implementation level of environment protection programmes, which is comparatively better than developed countries.


Encouraging achievement for India

  1. India is among a small group of countries that are on track to achieve their self-declared climate targets under the Paris Agreement with their current policies in place
  2. It is revealed by a new report released at the climate change conference
  3. The new report is prepared jointly by the NewClimate Institute, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Other particulars of the report

  1. The report says that only nine of the 25 top emitting countries it surveyed were in line with achieving their targets mentioned in their respective ‘nationally-determined contributions (NDCs)’
  2. Brazil, China, Japan, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine, and Colombia were the other countries on track to achieve their climate targets, the report found
  3. While the European Union, the United States, Australia, South Korea and Canada were among those that needed to take additional measures to fulfill their promises

India’s NDC

  1. In its NDC, India had promised to reduce its emissions intensity — greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP — by 33 to 35 per cent below 2005 levels by the year 2030
  2. It had also promised to ensure that at least 40 per cent of its energy in 2030 would be generated from non-fossil fuel sources, like solar, wind or bio-fuels
  3. In addition, it had said it would rapidly increase its forest cover so that an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent is created by the year 2030


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